Basics of Seismology and Seismic Hazard Assessment

IUSS Pavia
ES - Engineering Seismology
Fall 2005
Date (from - to):
16/01/2006 – 10/02/2006
Earthquake generation: Earth structure, plate tectonics, fault rupture and elastic rebound; seismic waves and phases. Earthquake observation: seismographs and seismograms; hypocentral location; fault plane solution; magnitude and seismic moment; instrumental and historical seismicity. Elements of seismic hazard: surface fault rupture; tsunami; liquefaction; landslides; ground shaking. Earthquake strong-motion: intensity scales and isoseismal maps; accelerographs and accelerograms; strong-motion parameters; response spectra; ground-motion prediction equations; near-source effects. Seismic hazard analysis: deterministic hazard assessment; probabilistic hazard assessment; hazard mapping and zonation; site effects; response spectra as output from hazard assessment; generation of acceleration time series; selection and scaling of accelerograms; hazard-consistent earthquake scenarios.

Suggested readings:

  • Bolt, B. A. (1999) Earthquakes, 4th Edition, W.H. Freeman & Co.
  • Kramer, S. L. (1996) Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. Prentice-Hall.
  • Reiter, S. L. (1990) Earthquake Hazard Analysis: Issues and Insights. Columbia University Press.
  • Any basic reference on Statistics, Probability, Wave Mechanics and Fourier Transform.