Objective 4: insights into applicability of retrofit methods where instead of improving capacity demand is reduced, more specifically active devices on frame braces. To the author application examples in school buildings are known, this has to be extended into further research of the state of the art as well as applicability for housing.


Documentation and training provided by the host.


Literature and internet based research for the documentation part. As mentioned few examples herefore are known. The author has experience in research of this kind, as proved in that done for reports in the World Housing Encyclopaedia. Attendance of lectures and assisted exercises within the training programme of the ROSE School.


In course of the research it turned out that the objectives of the architect are best met by using fibre reinforced polymer retrofit. The host provided training with a dedicated course on “Fiber reinforced polymers in seismic design and retrofit” held by Prof. Giorgio Monti from Rome, an international specialist. Additionally the potential of geo-textiles for buildings has been investigated.


Two publications for the 8th International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures, one regarding the management of seismic retrofit and the other regarding the potential of geo-textiles (publications C1 and C2).


The above named course was attended.


Fibre reinforced polymers are a new material in seismic retrofit. The contributions of the project to this emerging area of research are original. The investigation of the use of geo-synthetics in buildings is very rare, an example being Prof. Ramiro Sofronie. They are usually used for roads or earthen works. Also the view on the management strategy is, like in the previous objective where this was approached, new.